section contains several articles and papers written by Mickley
& Associates. By clicking on a particular title below, you will
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and articles/papers available:
Disposal. The disposal of membrane and thermal process concentrates
or backwash waste is an important consideration in the planning,
designing, and operating of desalination plants. Our substantial
work in this area is reflected in several writings under this
and other topics below.
Considerations for The Disposal of Desalination Concentrates
development of lower quality water resources is necessary in
world of fixed fresh water resources and growing populations.
This section contains articles of a more general nature.
the Benefits of Membrane Produced Drinking Water
of Networking in Membrane Plant Design and Operation
Our planet is being stressed to the limit by our actions involving
the technologies we have created and indiscriminately used. This
section will contain articles focusing on different environmental
Membrane technology has become increasingly important in the treatment
of water and wastewaters. Our extensive background in this area
is reflected in many of the articles provided. This section will
contain writings on more fundamental membrane topics.
Science. This area deals with concepts and ideas that have
not been readily accepted into mainstream science. The topics
are frequently controversial, nevertheless, we feel, important.
of New Science: Water
Relationship between Metaphysics and Science and the Resulting
Technology. As reflected by the previous topic, M&A is familiar
with science and technology at all stages of research and development:
new science, new technology, leading edge technology, and conventional
technology. In this section, we will highlight selected new technologies
that are not well known to the general users of treatment technology.
Water is the lifeblood of the planet. This section will contain
articles of a more general nature.
Reuse. Much of the potable water produced is going to non-potable
applications. Water reuse and recycle are water management tools
that are growing in importance and use. This section contains
a background article describing the present status of the reuse
Paper on Water Reuse
Discharge. It is becoming increasingly difficult to dispose
of many process waste streams. A relatively expensive option,
but one finding more frequent application, is that of zero liquid
discharge where all liquid streams are treated and/or recycled
or reused with no liquid effluent leaving the plant boundary.
Our work with thermal desalination technologies will be highlighted
in this section.