MEMBRANE CONCENTRATE DISPOSAL

by Mickley and Associates

Mickley & Associates has authored a book under contract to the American Water Works Association Research Foundation entitled Membrane Concentrate Disposal. It was published in late 1993 and is now out of print. Copies of the book, however, may be ordered through AWWA Publications at (800)926-7337; or e-mail rfreports@awwarf.com; report number 607. If any difficulties are encountered with this process, contact us at info@mickleyassoc.com.

AWWA member $76.50 Nonmembers $95.50

The emphasis is on characterizing membrane concentrate, design and costing of disposal options, permitting of discharge options, and the identification and investigation of issues - technical and nontechnical - surrounding concentrate disposal. The work also includes a detailed survey of each membrane drinking water plant over the size of 25,000 gpd in the United States. From the Executive Summary: "There are challenges associated with the lack of understanding and knowledge about technical and nontechnical issues surrounding concentrate disposal. These challenges should be addressed now to ensure that the tremendous potential of membrane processes to produce drinking water is achieved in a cost-effective and environmentally safe way."

Contents:

Chapter 1 Introduction and Background
Chapter 2 Basic Membrane Process Information
Chapter 3 Characterization of Membrane Wastes
Chapter 4 Comparison of Membrane Concentrate with Other Liquid Wastes
Chapter 5 Prediction of Membrane Concentrate Characteristics - RO Systems
Chapter 6 Overview of Membrane Concentrate Disposal
Chapter 7 Disposal Costs
Chapter 8 Permitting Overview and Procedures
Chapter 9 Survey of Discharge Methods
Chapter 10 Issues of Membrane Concentrate Disposal
Chapter 11 Needs of the Membrane Drinking Water Industry
Chapter 12 Summary and Recommendations

References

Appendix A: State Contacts for Permitting
Appendix B: Operating Plant Survey 
Appendix C: Planning-Phase Plant Survey
Appendix D: Glossary
Appendix E: Abbreviations
 

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.....................................Phone: 303/499-3133...Fax: 303/499-5305 ....www.mickleyassoc.com